Inconsistent Golf Swing

Consistency in Golf


Are you having problems with your golf swing? Are you finding it hard getting rid of your golf slice? Is your golf swing inconsistent in the quality of shots that you have. Do you want to fix your inconsistent golf swing?

A golf slice is one of the most common faults in the game of golf. I know that it doesn't help you much knowing that, but it should help put your golf problem in perspective. The trouble is, most golfers with this problem continue to struggle with their golf slice for years, they never manage to cure it because it can be an intermittent fault.

I'm sure that you have changed your golf swing a hundred times and each time it seems to cure your slice... for a while, but your golf slice always returns, and when you try the same "cure" again, it fails to work the second time around, so you search for golf instruction, the next cure.

It's just a vicious circle, I know this because there are so many golfers, and not just new golfers, that have this recurring problem. I bet you feel like you are going round in circles most of the time. You just can't have any real confidence in your swing. Sometimes it works great, but the next tee shot is a real disaster. You need some basic golf swing advice, especially if you want to correct a golf slice. You need to improve your golf swing technique.

Your real problem is that you don't have a good enough basic understanding of your golf swing. Without this understanding you will find it really difficult to get any kind of consistency in your swing.

The Simple Swing system was designed to not only teach you the correct swing, but to give you a thorough understanding of the golf swing and the correct thought processes that we need in order to achieve a good consistent swing. We are all different in physique and the ways in which we think and analyze, so we need a golf swing that suits our own particular shape, size, and ability.

It's also possible that you're just getting into the wrong swing plane, this can be caused by trying to hit the ball too hard. There are a few other ways of getting into the wrong swing plane, but overhitting seems to be the most common, and it is also a common cause of inconsistency in your golf swing.

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Enjoy!

3 Golf Swing Tips

Golf swing


Here are three golf swing tips that help a lot of golfers that are struggling with their golf swing, and not just new golfers either.

Most new golfers struggle with getting into the correct position at address, and because of this, they fail to to get their golf club in the right swing plane during their backswing. They also have trouble with producing a good swing tempo. As a result, they end up swinging their club a little erratically and with no inconsistency.

Let's deal with the correct position at address first.

1. If you start off with your golf club, hips, arms, shoulders and head in the positions they will be in at impact, then you will be putting yourself in the best address position and give yourself the best chance of using the correct swing plane.

2. Don't take a full backswing. During the backswing, when your leading arm is parallel with the ground, make sure that the butt end of your golf club is pointing straight at the target line, the target line is the straight line that runs from the target through the golf ball and on past you. You will be on the correct swing plane. This will help if you are trying to correct a golf slice.

Now for the tempo.

3. Hold a couple of golf clubs together and perform a short golf swing. The backswing should be no further than your leading arm being parallel with the ground, and likewise, your forward swing should be no further than your trailing arm being parallel with the ground. Now, take five to ten swings without stopping between each swing. Don't force the swing, just let the weight of the clubs determine the tempo. This is a good tempo to use when you finally take a swing at the golf ball.

These are simple tips, but don't dismiss them out of hand. They work surprisingly well at fixing a number of golf swing faults, especially for new golfers. The simple golf swing is your best answer to a consistent golf swing, not just because it is easily learned and understood, but also because it is repeatable and gives you the best chance of a consistent golf swing every time.

From Impact To The Finish

From Impact to Finish and all of the Moves In-Between


The one thing you have to keep in mind is from the top of the backswing to the finish is a non-stop fluid motion. When the golf club starts down there is no slowing down or stopping of the club head. Many things take place during the downswing and they all have to be in sync with one another to make for solid impact.

Ninety-five percent of the final part of the golf swing (moment of impact to finish) is a result of you swinging the golf club from the address position to the top of the golf swing correctly. If you get the golf club in the correct position at the top of the backswing, you will up your chances of hitting a solid golf shot and correct a golf slice.

Let's take some time and discuss what takes place from the moment of impact to the finish. I will break it down into two sections. First, what happens to the golf club and secondly, what happens to the body.


  1. At the very moment of impact, the clubface should be one or two degrees closed.



Clubface 2 Degrees Closed
1. Clubface 2 Degrees Closed

The clubface was square at address and as the golf club swings back to the top of the backswing, the clubface rolled open. As the golf club swings back down, the clubface has to swing back to square.


  1. It will begin to roll closed and continues to close until the toe is pointing up, when the shaft is pointing parallel to the target line. As the arms and hands swing the club from the parallel position up to the finish, the club continues to close.



Clubface Continuing to Close to Finish
2. Clubface Continuing to Close to Finish

Let me share something with you right now. If I asked you what you think you have to do to hit the golf ball further I am afraid your first response will be the same as most of the golfing world. Swing harder. Yes, that is a start, however; the clubhead speed must be properly applied.

The ability to have the clubhead make solid contact with the golf ball with maximum speed is the combination of the golf club, arms, and hands moving in concert with the upper and lower body. This combination is referred to in golf as "timing". Simply put, the most abused word in golf. Everybody uses it and not too many people know how to do it.

What the Body does from Impact to Finish
At the moment of impact the knees are in the same position as impact. Yes, the left knee moved away from the golf ball towards the center of your stance.


  1. Now your left knee is moving back to its original position.



Left Knee Returns to Address Position
3. Left Knee Returns to Address Position


  1. At this moment the left hip has moved towards the target an inch or two and is turning back and out of the way. As the arms and hands pass the middle of the right leg, the right knee will begin to move parallel to the target line and the right heel is beginning to turn up.



Right Knee is Moving Parallel
4. Right Knee is Moving Parallel

When the club reaches the point after impact where it is parallel to the ground and pointing parallel to the target line, the left hip is behind you, the left knee is almost fully extended and the right knee has passed where the golf ball was on the ground. At this position, the body is moving at maximum speed and it will soon begin to slow down as it approaches the finish.

When the golf club passes through the 9:00 position the upper body will begin to straighten out with the right shoulder turning to the top and the shoulders will soon become level to the ground.

From the moment of impact, the top of your belt must remain level to the ground all the way until you have reached the finish. The shoulders will react the same way from the moment of impact all the way to the finish. The feeling you want is for the right shoulder to remain an inch higher and when turning to the finish, level to the ground.

When the golf club and your body has stopped turning your right heel is pointing toward the sky, your right knee is pointing to a parallel line with your target, your belt buckle will point towards the target and level to the ground, your body is tall and the shoulders are level to the ground. If your upper body is facing left of the target that is acceptable.

The simple golf swing is your answer to a consistent golf swingt, not just because it is easily learned and understood, but also because it is repeatable and gives you the best chance of a consistent golf swing every time.

Golf Swing Advice, The Downswing

Starting the Downswing in Golf


As the right arm begins to unfold and the left hip moves one or two inches towards the target before it begins to turn out of the way, the downswing is in full swing mode. In other words the game is on. No holding back, no stopping and no bailing out. There is no turning back.

As the force of the arms swinging down the lower part of the body is moving out of the way. There are some very important moves that have to take place for a solid shot with maximum clubhead speed.

The speed of the arms and hands and the tension in the lower body is what creates the clubhead speed you are in search of.


  1. When the hands pass your belt buckle during the downswing, the right knee will begin to move down the intended line and the right heel will come up off of the ground. At the same time, the body is moving parallel to the target line and the left knee is about to become involved.



Body is Moving Parallel to the Target Line
1. Body is Moving Parallel to the Target Line


  1. The purpose of the left knee at this moment is to distribute the force from the downswing and maintain a strong foundation for a solid finish. The left leg must straighten out 90% of its maximum, it can not over extend.



Left Knee Returns to Address Position
2. Left Knee Returns to Address Position

Snapping the left knee or overextending it can cause injury. If you snap the knee too soon it will also weaken the foundation and the downswing will not have any stability.

As the golf club starts down it must remain on the same path it went back on. The path is a slight arc going back down into the back of the golf ball. The only way you can remain on this path is to start the right arm first and then the rest of the body can follow. If the right shoulder starts first in the downswing the golf club will have a tendency to swing outside the arc too much and if the left hip starts first in the downswing the golf club will have a tendency to start inside the arc too much.

The golf club has to stay on this correct path until impact. The combination of the left hip turning back out of the way and the right shoulder following the arms will enable the golf club to stay on the correct path. At any time if there is a change in direction of the body, the club will come off of the path, this is bad especially if you are trying to correct a golf swing.

At impact the left arm is long, the left arm has turned out of way, and your bottom half has moved back towards the address position. The right arm is now long (speed of downswing has made the right arm longer than at address), the right shoulder and head are slightly behind the golf ball, and your right heel is off of the ground.

Two Feet Before Impact
At the top of the backswing the clubface is open and as it begins to swing down, the face has to start closing immediately. The closing of the clubface is a long process that has to happen during the entire down swing. The clubface can not square up at the bottom of the hit. If you try to square the clubface up at impact, you have to be extremely quick and strong.

The only case where you can "take more time" squaring the clubface in the golf swing is if you hook the ball. Getting the face back to square is not a quick flick of the arms and hands either. Remember, it is a long process that starts at the top of the backswing.

By the time the shaft reaches your right knee, the clubface has to be square or close to it. You only have three more feet for the face to be one or two degrees closed and it is moving at 75-115 mph. If the face is open more than this amount, the ball is slicing to the right. A golf slice.

Clubhead Closing 2 Feet Before Impact
Clubhead Closing 2 Feet Before Impact

There have been a million words written on the couple of feet before impact and I know that the absolute death of the downswing lies in the last couple of feet. If you have started the downswing with the right shoulder or left hip, this will be a very difficult way to improve your game.

I do not believe the masses have the strength or the need to swing the body first in the downswing. Their arms simply cannot keep up.

Making sure the golf club is swinging on the arc is the first and foremost part of the downswing. If you can swing the golf club on the arc with maximum clubhead speed, you will head down the road of success with your golf game. The body compliments the arms swinging the club; it is not the opposite.

When you addressed the golf club, your right hand was even or slightly under the left hand. As the golf club begins to swing back, the left hand is slightly on top of the right. At the top of the backswing, the left hand is on top of the right, and now the golf club begins to swing down and as the club approaches the golf ball the right hand will roll over the left near and at impact. From that moment on, the right hand will be on top of the left.

Clubhead Closing 2 Feet Before Impact
Before Impact Right Arm about to Roll Over Left Arm

Clubhead Closing 2 Feet Before Impact
After Impact Right Arm Rolls

Over Left Arm
The roll I just mentioned is referred to as the "release." This is yet another golf word that has had a million words written about. The release takes place just before impact and will insure a clubface that is slightly closed.

Another topic that comes up in this part of the golf swing is "timing." The timing aspect of the game is when the body works in concert with the arms and hands. When the left hip turns out of the way at the moment the right hand rolls the clubface closed at impact, this is what is referred to as perfect timing.

Let there be no misunderstanding, it is certainly easier to write about timing the golf club correctly than to actually do it. The easy way out is to instruct students to hit one million golf balls, and that ought to do it. One million golf shots divided by 50 years is twenty thousand golf shots a year. I can not say I have hit 20 thousand golf shots a year, I can say I have averaged 10 thousand and my timing is not always exactly how I would prefer.

On the flip side, if you are not swinging the golf club back and down on the correct path with the correct posture and aim, you can hit 2 million shots and your timing is NOT going to be in any different place than if you hit 200 shots a year.

The simple golf swing is the full and best explanation of the golf swing, not just because it is easily learned and understood, but also because it is more repeatable and gives you the best chance of how to perform the golf swing correctly every time.

How To Perform The Perfect Golf Swing Every Time

The Perfect Golf Swing


How to perform the perfect golf swing is what most golfers spend their entire golfing life trying to achieve and never get there. How to perform the perfect golf swing every time is just mind boggling for them.

Most golfers when they do get a good golf swing going, even if it is, mostly, consistent, beat themselves up whenever they have a bad shot. Why? Even the great Tiger Woods has a bad shot now and then, and the same can be said for all the top golf professionals as well.

Perfection all the time is not something that man can achieve, we are just not capable of it. However, we are capable of learning how to perform the perfect golf swing and being able to produce it a lot of the time. This should help correct a golf slice.

Once we have a good golf swing, the one thing that lets us down and prevents us from repeating this swing all the time, is concentration. We lose concentration too easily. Again, we are just not capable of maintaining complete concentration all of the time. There are too many things competing for our attention, even on the golf course. Birds whistling, a plane passing overhead, other golfers, and the list goes on. The golf swing used by most golfers is just too complicated, it requires too much concentration.

The point here is, don't be surprised when you are less than perfect, whatever mistake you have made is already done, it's in the past and there is nothing you can do to change it. You have to learn to put it behind you and not let it effect your next. shot.

Now, to the perfect golf swing. As with most things in life, the simple answer is usually the best answer. So forget the complicated golf swing and go instead for the simple golf swing, when you break down the golf swing and get rid of all the unnecessary complications from it, then reconstruct it with a simple set of repeatable and easily learned movements, you end up with the simple golf swing.

The simple golf swing is the perfect golf swing, not just because it is easily learned and understood, but also because it is more repeatable and gives you the best chance of how to perform the perfect golf swing every time.

Golf Swing Advice, The Top of the Backswing

Golf, The Backswing And The Moving Parts


On The Way to The Top of The Backswing

As the golf club leaves the 9:00 position, it has to continue on the arc until you reach the top of the backswing. There are a number of moving parts that must be in place during this journey. First and foremost the right shoulder must continue to turn.

The right shoulder can not stop or change directions. If the right shoulder stops or tilts up, the golf club will swing up too much. If the right shoulder turns too much the golf club will not go up.

Right Shoulder Quit Turning
Right Shoulder Quit Turning

Right Shoulder Turned Too Much
Right Shoulder Turned Too Much

correct
Correct

As the right shoulder continues to turn in the backswing, the right hip must not follow it. The right hip has to resist turning so you can develop resistance. If you develop resistance in the backswing with the bottom half of your body, you will build up tension and that is where the ability to develop clubhead speed comes from.

As the right shoulder continues to turn level to the ground, the left knee will continue to turn more towards the golf ball. You have to make sure you do not allow the right knee to pass the golf ball.

As the right shoulder continues to turn, the left shoulder will move from the address position towards the golf ball. As the right shoulder continues to turn, your head will move slightly to the right (away from the golf ball). Your head will move a couple of inches as a result of the right shoulder turning out of the way. The head does not slide back and away from the golf ball with the lower body.


  1. During this process the right knee never moves.



Right Leg Does Not Move
1. Right Leg Does Not Move

During the entire backswing, the left arm has remained long, not rigid. The right arm will begin to fold after the golf club leaves the 9:00 position. The reason the left arm remains long is to provide you with plenty of width in the backswing. Width in the backswing is the reason you can develop clubhead speed. If the left arm remains long you can swing the clubhead on the arc, and by swinging it on the arc you will be able to build clubhead speed in the downswing.

Arriving at the Top of The Backswing

When the golf club arrives at the top of the backswing there are four parts that have to be in the correct place. The first thing that is extremely important is for the golf club to be pointing towards the target or slightly left of the target. Now what does this mean? When you address the golf ball, the ball is on what we refer to as the "intended ball flight line", and your feet are parallel to that line. At the top of the backswing the shaft has to aim parallel to your heel line or parallel left of the target.

Important Stops Along the Way to The Top of The Backswing

Getting to the top of the backswing is no easy feat. Now that you have reached the top let's check to make sure all of the moving parts are in the correct place. Your checklist should start at the bottom of your feet and go all the way to the top of your head.


  1. At the address position the weight is evenly distributed between both feet.



Weight Evenly Distributed
2. Weight Evenly Distributed


  1. The arms and hands start the golf club back in a one-piece-take-away which includes the right shoulder turning.



One Piece Take-Away
3. One Piece Take-Away


  1. As the right shoulder continues to turn, the left knee will turn slightly towards the center of your body.



Left Knee Turning Towards Right Knee
4. Left Knee Turning Towards Right Knee

Don't forget, the right knee never leaves its original position. As the top half of your body is turning, the right knee must remain in the exact same position. When you are addressing the golf ball, the right knee has a slight flex. During the back swing, the right knee can not slide backwards nor can it straighten out and it can not flex more. The right knee is the foundation of the backswing, it takes on all of the force of the right shoulder turning and the hips resisting from turning. The right knee has to maintain this rock solid foundation so you can continue to turn the top half of your body against the bottom half.

When the golf club has reached the top of the backswing, the right knee will be there to support the upper golf club, arms, hands and upper body. If there is one part of the body that has to be in the correct position at the top of the backswing, it is the right knee. The function of the right knee is not only the foundation of the backswing. In the next section you are going to find out the value of the right knee in the downswing as well.

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Golf Swing Advice, The Take Away

Golf and the Take Away


Standing to the Handle
As you address the golf ball there are some critical parts of the setup that must be in place before you start the backswing.


  1. If you look down and see the grip-end of the golf club across from your belt buckle there is a good chance you have MOST of the critical parts in place.



across from belt buckle
1. Across from Belt Buckle

Having the grip-end of the golf club across from your belt buckle assures you of having your head in the correct position, not tilted too far to the left side or the right side of the golf ball. The second part is your spine is probably in the correct position, if the grip end is pointing towards you chin, your spine is too long. If the grip end is pointing lower than your belt buckle, your spine is bent over too much. Lastly, the most crucial part is the golf club is soled on the ground with the correct amount of loft.

The golf club being soled correctly on the ground is the sure guarantee that you are in the correct set-up for your golf swing, after you confirm all the positions that we discussed above.

The Key to Starting the Golf Club Back
One of the top five most asked questions in the past 25 years has been, “What starts the backswing?” The answer is a bit complex, so grab your Hi-Liter and let’s get started.


  1. When you are ready to start the backswing, the clubhead, shaft, your hands, arms and right shoulder move in ONE PIECE at the exact same time.

  2. The clubhead starts back on an arc (we will get to that in the next section). The right shoulder starts turning backwards.



one piece take-away
2. One Piece Take-away

right shoulder turns as arm swings club
3. Right Shoulder Turns as Arm Swings Club

The take-away is one piece all the way until it arrives at the 9:00 o’clock position (we will get to that in two sections).

As you start back, both knees are flexed and during the backswing- the right knee NEVER changes positions. It does not flex more, nor does it straighten out and it does not slide back away from the target.

The left knee also plays a major role in the backswing. It does not move towards the line of flight and it does not straighten out. As the golf club starts back, the left knee moves towards the right knee as a RESULT of the upper body turning and the lower body resisting this turn. The left knee never passes the golf ball in the backswing.

The Correct Path in the Backswing

  1. As the golf club starts back away from the golf ball the club head must swing back on an arc which is inside the straight line to the target.



correct arc
4a. Correct Arc

correct arc
4b. Correct Arc

If the golf club travels outside in the backswing during the golf swing, the right shoulder will tilt up in the backswing and the golf club will swing vertical to the ground in the downswing. If the golf club travels too much to the inside of the arc in the backswing, the golf club will travel too level to the golf ball in the downswing. If the golf club swings too straight back you will have a tendency to hit the ball in the heel of the club at impact.

too much outside
Too Much Outside

too much inside
Too Much Inside

too straight back
Too Straight Back

When the golf club travels back on the correct path the combination of the arms and hands will be able to swing the golf club back to the correct position at the top of the backswing as long as the right shoulder turns out of the way.

From Address to the 9:00 Position
When the shaft of the golf club is level to the ground and parallel to your intended target line- we refer to that position as 9 o’clock.


  1. The first check-point in the backswing is the 9:00 o'clock position.



9 o'clock
5. First Check-Point is the 9 O'Clock Position

When you reach 9 o'clock, you are half-way back and this is a great time to stop and take a look around, as long as you know what you are looking for. The first thing you want to take a look at- is the golf club in the exact correct position? The club should be parallel to your target line and level to the ground. The second part to take a look at- is the right shoulder turning and not tilting? It is very difficult to get to 9 o'clock with a tilted right shoulder.

right shoulder tilted too much
Right Shoulder Tilted Too Much

Right Shoulder Turned Too Level
Right Shoulder Turned Too Level

If the right shoulder is tilting up the golf club will most likely be outside the path and pointed up. If the right shoulder turns too much in the backswing the golf club will swing around you too much. If you are in the correct position, it is time to head back to the top of the backswing.

From 9:00 to the Top

  1. From the 9 o'clock position the golf club must continue up on an arc.



from 9 to the top
6a. From 9 to the Top

From 9 to the Top
6b. From 9 to the Top

This can only happen if you continue to turn the right shoulder out of the way. As the right shoulder turns out of the way, the arms, hands and golf club will continue to swing inside, however, after the golf club passes the 9 o'clock position, it will have to swing up. This combination is what I believe is the most difficult part of the backswing.

You can not stop turning the shoulder. If you do stop turning the golf club will start to swing up to much. If you continue to swing the golf club around with the shoulders the golf club will swing too much around.


  1. The proper combination is when the shoulders turn and the golf club swings up. When you reach the top of the backswing with this combination you will be in position to swing the golf club down on the correct path and with clubhead speed.



shoulders turn club swings up
Shoulders Stop Turning, Club Swings Up

shoulder turns club swings up
7. Shoulders Turning Correctly


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Golf Swing Advice, The First Move Down

Golf, The First Move Down



The Secret of the Golf Swing is the First Move Down
Now you are ready to start the downswing. You have arrived safely at the top and now you need to return to the bottom in one piece.

  1. When you are ready to start the downswing, the very first move is for the right arm to begin to straighten out and return to the exact same position it started in. The right arm has to start to come unhinged as soon as you begin the downswing.



right arm begins to straighten
1a. Right Arm Begins to Straighten

right arm unhinges
1b. Right Arm Unhinges

right arm straight
1c. Right Arm Straight

Many people have written about this topic. As a matter of fact, it seems like every time anyone goes near this subject, the entire golf world throws the four letter word "cast" at you. The terms "cast" or "casting the golf club" were used in the 60's and have escalated to the point where if you mention any other way of swinging the golf club down other than "pulling on the handle" or creating drag and creating a tight angle with your arms, the golf world is ready to pounce on you.

The good news, bad news is the terms "pulling on the handle" and "creating a tight angle" have kept me very busy for the past 25 years. If you are trying to practice the above mentioned phrases, I feel very confident you'll end up hitting too many shots to the right. The ability to hit a golf ball squarely with the correct timing has more to do with how many hours you can dedicate to the game than it does with how hard you can pull on the handle of the golf club.



Your ability to create clubhead speed lies in the speed you can swing your hands, arms and golf club not in how fast you can pull the grip end of the golf club. Clubhead speed is created from you generating width in the right arm on its journey back to the golf ball.

Swinging just the hands, arms and golf club back to the golf ball with maximum clubhead speed independent of the lower and upper body is not the answer either. Swinging the golf club back to the golf ball on the correct path with maximum clubhead speed is the combination of the hands, arms and golf club swinging in conjunction with the lower body moving out of the way and the upper body turning back towards the target. The upper and lower body CANNOT swing independent of each other.

As the right arm begins to unhinge:

  1. The left hip moves one or two inches towards the target



left hip moves towards target
2. Left Hip Moves Towards Target


  1. Then the left hip should start to turn out of the way so the hands, arms, and golf club can have a place to swing to after impact.



left hip turns out of the way
3. Left Hip Turns Out of the Way

How to Start the Golf Club Down
As you begin the downswing there are many parts that you must follow in order for you to swing the clubhead back on the correct path with maximum amount of speed. By now you know the right arm must begin to unfold first and then the left hip moves one or two inches towards the target and then it turns back and out of the way.


  1. As the right arm begins to unfold the left arm must remain long during this entire time.



left arm long
4. Left Arm Long

Your left arm should NOT be rigid and locked, but long and relaxed.
When you moved the golf club back to the top of the backswing it swung back on an arc. The arc was slightly inside a straight line away from the target. The club has to swing inside and up on the arc. When the club passed 9:00 it has to start swinging up.

When you swung it up, the right shoulder turned back and out of the way, now as you swing the golf club back down, the right shoulder has to stay back as long as possible so the club can swing back down on the arc.


  1. The golf club has to swing back down on the same path it went up on.



arc in downswing
5. Arc in Downswing

What happens next? For the first couple of feet in the downswing, not much happens- then it all starts to go. As the left hip moves out of the way, the left knee will begin to head back towards its address position.


  1. When the clubhead gets halfway back to the golf ball, the right knee will begin to turn towards the target and your weight will start to move from the right side back to the middle of your stance.



right knee turns towards target
6. Right Knee Turns Towards Target


Now, visit Simple Golf Swing for the most complete set of golf lessons you can get! Have a look and see all that you get when you purchase Simple Swing, you'll be 'over the moon'.

Golf Swing Advice, The Address

Golf The Address


The Feet
As we move through the address position section I want you to wrap your head around the idea that we are going to construct a building. The building is four to six feet tall and not very wide. Of course I am referring to the human body. The first place you would start is the foundation, so let's talk about the feet first. Let's see how far apart they are supposed to be and exactly where we place the weight once we get the feet planted.

The feet have to support the upper body and once the golf club, the arms, and the body get moving in the downswing there is a lot of force that the foundation has to support.

  1. The feet have to be just slightly further apart than shoulder width. This distance is far enough apart to maintain a solid base.



shoulder width
1. Slightly More Than Shoulder Width

As the club begins to build up speed and the left hip makes the first move down the target line before it turns backward, the width of the stance will hold up just fine. If you have a tendency to lose your balance, your stance might be too narrow.

too narrow
Too Narrow

After impact the golf club swings back around your body and up towards your left shoulder. As the golf club comes to the end of the golf swing your weight has moved from the right side over to the left side. The width of your feet will accommodate this move. Your weight needs to be evenly distributed between your toes and heels.

The Knees
From the feet we are going to move up the building to the knees. The knees have played a huge role in most sports- golf is no exception. The knees are going to come into play in two different parts of the golf swing.

The first part is the address position.


  1. As you address the golf ball your knees will have a slight flex in them.



slightly fixed
2. Knees are Slightly Fixed

You are NOT going to 'sit' on your knees and they are NOT locked straight.

For a long time instructors taught students to have the feeling you were 'sitting' on a bar stool. I always believed we should have been teaching people to feel as though you were 'leaning' back on a stool. The last thing you would ever want to do is sit in golf. Sitting will cause the golf club to swing too level to the ground in the downswing, and you will have a tendency to hit the ground behind the golf ball.

straight
Straight

sitting
Sitting

Before you start to 'straighten' your knees to a 'locked' position, which is just as wrong as sitting, let me give you a bit of advice. The knee position is what I refer to as 'slightly' flexed. Because we are all different heights, I cannot give you an exact degree you should flex your knees- however; if you simply relax your knees, you will find the correct amount of bend on your own.

The second roll the knees play in the swing is when the golf club is in motion. As the golf club swings back, the single most important thing for you to remember is the RIGHT knee never ever moves from the original position. If you think of the two knee caps as head lights shining in front of you as you drive along a road, you might make some twists and turns but the headlights are always in front of you. As you start the backswing the right knee does not slide, bend or straighten out- it stays very quiet and solid during the entire backswing.

Both knees must remain flexed during the entire backswing and until impact.

The Hips
If your chin is in the correct position, and your spine is long (don't worry we'll talk about these shortly), and your knees are flexed the correct amount, the golf club will not sole correctly on the ground until you tilt or bend over from the hips. You do NOT want to bend at the waist. You ALWAYS want to bend from the hips. The difference is if you bend at the waist your spine will bend (not good).


  1. If you bend at the hips you can maintain the spine angle and sole the club on the ground correctly.



bend at the hips
3. Bend at the Hips

If you do not bend at the hips, you will not be able to sole the golf club correctly.

When you bend over from the hips you have to make sure you do not straighten out or lock your knees. When you bend at the hips you have to pay close attention to making sure you do not bend at the bottom of the spine.

not tilted
Not Tilted

tilted too much
Tilted Too Much

The hips play another role not related to their position

  1. Your hips must be parallel to the line of the golf ball flight at address.



parallel
4. Parallel to the Line of the Ball Flight

If your hips are open at address you will have a tendency to open the hips too soon in the downswing. The clubface will be open at impact and the golf ball will start right. If your hips are closed at address the golf club will swing too much from the inside in the downswing and the golf ball will either start right or you will struggle with a quick hook left.

open
Open

closed
Closed

At address the hips are parallel to the ball flight line. As the golf club swings back down from the top, the first move from the top is for the left hip to move an inch or two parallel to the target line and then the left hip should begin to turn backwards out of the way so the golf club can swing back to the inside after impact.

When you arrive at the finish of the golf swing your belt and shoulders should be level to the ground. Your belt buckle will aim at the intended target and your hips are level to the ground.

The Shoulders
The shoulders play three major roles in the golf swing. The first two roles are static and the third is a moving role. In the address position the shoulders compliment the spine angle.


  1. If the shoulders are opened up and back at address the spine angle will be in the correct position as long as the chin is up.



shoulders back
5. Shoulders Back

If the shoulders are rounded the spine will be bent over too much.

rounded
Rounded

The second role the shoulders play is they must be parallel to your intended line you want the golf ball to travel on. When you look down your toes, knees, hips and shoulders must be in line with each other. Parallel means they have to be on the same line going to the left of where you want the golf ball to start. If the shoulders are aiming to the right of the target the golf club will start too much inside the correct path in the backswing. If they are aiming to the left of the target the golf club will start too much to the outside in the backswing. For the golf club to start back on the correct path the shoulders must be parallel from the start.

The shoulders play yet another role in the backswing. As the clubhead, shaft, hands, arms and (shoulders) start moving backwards, the right shoulder has to move out of the way to give the hands, arms and golf club a place to swing to at the top of the backswing. The right shoulder does not slide back. Instead, rotates around your body.

The shoulders play a huge role in distance and direction. The shoulders have to turn as much as possible in the backswing. Once your back is facing the target (this for the 30ish and under crowd) or as much of a turn as possible, you will be in position to swing the club down with maximum club head speed.

The Spine
The spine has taken on an all important part in the golf swing in the past 10 years. Not many words were written about the spine and its role in the golf swing until then.


  1. If the spine stays long during the backswing, not rigid, you can make a much bigger turn.



long spine
6. Long Spine During Backswing

If your spine is curved at address the shoulders will have a tendency to tilt and not turn. In the downswing the shoulders will have a tendency to turn on top of the golf ball instead of moving under. If the shoulders can move under, the golf club will stay on the path in the downswing (producing an inside to out swing). As the golf club swings back the right shoulder has to turn to allow the golf club to swing up, if the spine is too long the club will swing around too much and not up enough.

bent over
Bent Over

too long
Too Long

There is yet another role the spine plays in the golf swing. At the top of the backswing the spine supports the upper body, the golf club, the arms and most importantly the speed at which we swing the golf club. If the spine maintains its length in the backswing, you will be able to swing the arms at a greater speed in the downswing.

The golf club is at its maximum speed as it nears the golf ball and the spine is supporting the frame of the golf swing - your upper body. As the club head passes the impact zone the spine is at its most vulnerable position and from that point to the finish is when the spine is taking a real beating (physically).

Maintaining the correct spine angle will play a major role in club head speed and, the direction the club actually swings (swing path). The spine maintains the same angle from address to one foot past impact and it is critical that it starts from the correct position.

If you are in the correct posture at address no changes are necessary.

If you are standing too tall at address, bending at the hips will solve this problem. If you are bent over too much at the top of the spine or your shoulders are too curved, you will have to take a very serious look into changing your spine angle. Opening your shoulders and lifting your chin will be a great place to start.

The Chin
After you address the golf ball there is a check-list of things you need to go through to make sure you are ready to take off. I am not going to tell you the position of the chin is the most important- however, it ranks up there for sure. The chin controls what happens to the shoulders in the backswing.

If the chin is down in your chest at address, the shoulders will have a tendency to pop up in the backswing. The right shoulder will NOT turn out of the way to make room for the arms to swing around. If you continue to leave your chin down in your chest you might have some success with the shorter clubs, but the long clubs will be very difficult to hit. You can get away with the arms swinging up and down with the short clubs, you might not be so lucky with the longer clubs.

If you have a tendency to top your shots or hit thin, your chin might be up too much.

too down
Too Down

too up
Too Up

If the chin is down in your chest at address, the shoulders will have a tendency to pop up in the backswing. The right shoulder will NOT turn out of the way to make room for the arms to swing around. If you continue to leave your chin down in your chest you might have some success with the shorter clubs, but the long clubs will be very difficult to hit. You can get away with the arms swinging up and down with the short clubs, you might not be so lucky with the longer clubs.

If you have a tendency to top your shots or hit thin, your chin might be up too much.

So now you want to know how much you should lift your chin up. I have some advice that is not the answer of all answers, but it is a wonderful starting point.


  1. Lift your chin up just enough to get your fist under your chin and touch your throat.



use fist as a guide
7. Use Fist as a Guide

correct
Correct

When you start experimenting with this new position you will want to start with a club you like to hit. You will know right away if the correction is going to help you or not. Give it a chance. If you top a lot of shots, you have lifted the chin up too much. The first few shots you might want to start with half a fist so you can ease into it. Keep in mind it is an extension of your spine. You might have to bend over at the hips another inch or two; this will compliment the chin position.

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